Croquet is probably unique inasmuch as it is up to the players to ask for a referee. A referee is called as an 'expert witness' for situations where there is the possibility of committing a fault or to sort out a situation by applying the Laws.
National bodies accredit people to become referees. This involves examinations on the Laws and practical tests. Some national bodies also empower people to become Assistant Referees or Umpires. This section contains notes on refereeing practice, training to become an referee and points about the laws. Players should become familiar with the 6th Edition Laws of Association Croquet together with the Official Rulings on the Laws of Croquet. In the domain of the Croquet Association (CA) the types and duties of referees are set out in the Regulations for Tournaments.
Currently the CA has no online material on refereeing. It is hoped that they will produce a teach yourself course. They do arrange infrequent refereeing courses but these are only advertised in their Annual Fixtures book. In addition to standard referees there are championship and international referees. No information is forthcoming about qualifying for those grades.
How to Become a Referee
I asked a member of the Croquet Association's Laws Committee about the current process of becoming a refereee (January 2012).
Q1 Can you take the exam/s without attending a training course?
Q2 Are there self-study materials on the web
Q3 Can sample examination papers be downloaded from the web?
Q4 Is there any cost for the exam?
Q5 What is the nature of the exam?
To become a full Referee, you need in addition to pass an one hour examination on some more difficult laws situations. For this exam, you may refer to your Laws Book.
Q6 Do you have to travel to an examination centre or be examined at your local club.
Refereeing Reference Material
Although created for an American audience, the following videos by Ted Prentis and Bob Kroeger are instructional on refereeing shots on the lawn:
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