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Dr Ian Plummer

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Technical
Refereeing

Croquet is probably unique inasmuch as it is up to the players to ask for a referee. A referee is called as an 'expert witness' for situations where there is the possibility of committing a fault or to sort out a situation by applying the Laws.

National bodies accredit people to become referees.  This involves examinations on the Laws and practical tests.  Some national bodies also empower people to become Assistant Referees or Umpires.  This section contains notes on refereeing practice, training to become an referee and points about the laws. Players should become familiar with the 6th Edition Laws of Association Croquet together with the Official Rulings on the Laws of Croquet. In the domain of the Croquet Association (CA) the types and duties of referees are set out in the Regulations for Tournaments.

How to Become a Referee

Referee courses are run each year, based on the above, to train people to become referees. See the CA Fixtures Calendar; click on "Display options..." and check only the 'Course' box for a listing.

Refereeing Practice

Refereeing Problems

Refereeing Reference Material

See 6th Edition Laws Material in the Laws Section, especially the Official Rulings on the Laws of Croquet (ORLC) document and the Rulings therein.

Although created for an American audience, the following videos by Ted Prentis and Bob Kroeger are instructional on refereeing shots on the lawn:

  1. Introduction To the Video Series - Please Watch This First
  2. How To Use An iPhone For Slow Motion Video
  3. Mallet Faults
  4. Contact Distance In Single Ball Shots (2006 CA Highspeed Shoot)
  5. Double Tap, Crush, Beveled Edge Fault Intro
  6. Eight Wicket Shots In Real Time Only
  7. The Same Eight Wicket Shots (Plus 3 Others); In Real Time And Slow Motion
  8. Hampered Shots (note resting the shaft on a hoop is not a fault in Association croquet)
  9. Hammer Shots
  10. Sweep Shots
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Updated 14.ii.17
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